The Khmer Empire (Khmer Chakrafoop Khmer Anachak Khmer), officially the Angkor Empire (Khmer: Anak Angkor), the predecessor kingdom of modern-day Cambodia (“Kampuchea” or “Kastur Khmer” for the Khmer people) was a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom. Southeast Asia. The empire, which evolved from the former kingdoms of Fanon and Chenala, at times ruled and/or subjugated most of Southeast Asia and southern China, stretching from the tip of the Indochinese peninsula to modern-day Yunnan province, China. And from Vietnam westward to Myanmar.
Modern Research and Discovery (Ancient Lost City of Khmer Empire)
Researchers have rediscovered an ancient city of the Khmer Empire, which was hidden for centuries in the lush green forest of modern-day Cambodia.
Mahendraparvata sometimes called the ‘Lost City of Cambodia’, an early capital of the Khmer Empire, was a Hindu-Buddhist regime of Southeast Asia, which lasted from the 9th to the 15th centuries.
According to archaeologists and historians – Khmer Empire
Historians and Archaeologists have been searching for decades about the existence of Mahendraparvata, but little surviving archaeological evidence of this Angkorian city has been found so far but with ground-based surveys of a newly expanded urban network map proved from reports It has been reported that since the 9th century, located in the Phnom elite plateau, north-east of Angkor city (capital city) Khmer Samaritan The state is located, as recorded in history).
Researchers guided by Jean-Baptiste Chevance, the first author and archaeologist of the Foundation for Archeology and Development in Britain, stated clearly in their letter, “To date, we have paid very little attention to the mountainous regions of the Phnomite elite.” Read research papers here – Mahendraparvata an early Angkor capital.
“It is almost entirely missing from the archaeological maps except for the scattering of the dots depicting the remains of some brick temples.”
In research efforts that began in 2012 and lasted until 2017, the team launched a series of LIDAR survey flights over the region, creating a comprehensive map of thousands of newly found archaeological features from earlier research efforts on the ground They were saved.
Thus the ancient Khmer modified the landscape, shaping features on a very large scale – ponds, reservoirs, canals, roads, temples, rice fields, etc.
However, dense forests often cover areas, which is the main obstacle to investigate.
However, the team was able to see layers of vegetation and dirt to see Mahendraparvat, exposing a complex urban network of city amenities designed in a grid-like pattern of linear axes, which span 50 square kilometers.
The researchers point out, “Many other elements of the anthropogenic landscape connect to this broader network, suggesting an expansion of an overall urban plan.”
Damian Evans (one of the team) pointed out that the city may not have lived for centuries, or perhaps even decades, but the cultural and religious significance of the place has been true to the present day.
Dams, reservoir walls and enclosed walls or embankments of temples, mohallas and even the royal palace correspond to linear features. “
Despite the elaborate design and sophistication of the lost city’s engineer footprint, it did not survive long.
In the coming years, the Khmer Empire shifted its center of operations to the new capital, Angkor, perhaps due to better conditions for growing food in less mountainous and challenging environments. Further research is still ongoing.
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This Article was Published On: 20 October, 2019 And Last Modified On: 12 February, 2021