Simulation Theory: All possibilities of reality are artificial simulation

Artistic Illustration of our Simulated self with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation.
Image: Artistic Illustration of our Simulated self with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation | Nick Bostrom argues that if "the fraction of all people with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation is very close to one", then it follows that we probably live in a simulation.

Is the Universe a Computer Simulation? Is Simulation Theory proposed?, Are all the aspects of reality, including the Earth and the Universe is really an artificial simulation? Know in this article.

Definition of computer simulation theory

A “simulation hypothesis” or “simulation theory” proposes that all aspects of reality, including the Earth and the universe, are actually artificial simulations, most likely computer simulations. Some versions rely on the development of a simulated reality, a proposed technique that would be realistic enough to convince its inhabitants that the simulation was real.


In 1970 a British mathematician John Horton Conway created a project, also known as Conway’s Game of Life. Looking further back in history, the Greek philosopher Socrates also believed that this world is not the real world. It is also mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita, in which Krishna tells Arjuna that this world is a Maya(illusion). So is the entire universe really a computer simulation, know next –

Game of Life

Game of Life is a program in which you have to enter some conditions in the beginning, and once the initial conditions are entered, a small set of simulation rules start to run. In which some patterns only last for a short time and then disappear, in-game parlance, they die, on the other hand, some patterns continue forever. Today, every game you play is based on the principle of this computer simulation, games that we can control as we wish.

A single Gosper's glider gun creating "gliders"
A single Gosper’s glider gun creating “gliders

So, just like this game, no computer simulation can give a big result? A simulation of the entire universe that is not just dots and patterns on the screen, but also a simulation with galaxies, planets, and life. More importantly, Is the universe a computer simulation? or the world in which we are living is real? Let’s know more –

Computer Simulation Theory in the Modern Age

There are many scientific theories in the modern era that prove that our world is a computer simulation and we are not all biological objects but a simulated program. One of the most well known of these theories is the “Simulation Argument” put forward in 2003 by philosopher Nick Bostrom. According to his proposal, mankind may be part of a computer simulation created by a more advanced civilization. Apart from this, Stephen Hawking also believed simulation theory to be true. Let us know this in more detail –

Subjective and Objective reality

How do you observe an object? You definitely observe it by looking at them or using any of your senses, this is your subjective reality, which is the subjective reality in which the subject is you who is observing an object or things. Similarly, objective reality is the object that you are observing.

For example, if I go outside the house and feel that it is cold outside and you go outside and feel that there is heat outside, then the subjective reality here is the reality, that two different minds or two different people can see the same object in many ways and the objective reality here is that the outside reality will be either cold or hot. Both of us must prove our own observations without observing objective reality, which is a clear contradiction. In the same way, does an object exist even when you are not looking at them, for example, your computer or phone or the device on which you are reading this article, you already know that the device is made of atoms at the microscopic level? But you can’t really see those atoms unless you use a microscope tool for its observation.

You must have seen some things in the game only, that is when we actually want to see them, then, can it not be true? that we humans also see an object only when we are actually seeing or touching it. Thomas Young Has also proved in his double-slit experiment.

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Friends, whenever we observe any object or things, our sense organ sends an electric signal to our brain based on which the brain makes us feel that object is in a certain way, to form our perspective about the world our brain uses our senses. So our brain has so much potential that it can show us the reality in any way, just like our dreams when we are dreaming, we feel that everything is really there, only then we know about the real reality, when we wake up.

Friends, till now we have learned how subjective and objective reality can raise the question of whether or not an object is present, now let us know some principles which prove the simulation theory to be true –

Fermi paradox

According to Fermi paradox, when we look far into the universe, why we don’t see any other signs of life, are we really alone in the universe or are we not fully trying to find life on other planets? Are there no civilization in this vast universe that is so developed that it can find us and reach us.

Anthropic principle

Friends, have you ever wondered why the Earth is such a great place for life, the Anthropic Principle says why everything on Earth is so accurate. Whether its distance from the sun or the atmosphere here or gravity, have they been made so.

String theory

String theory makes it easier to understand the time before the Big Bang, and its study showed that computer codes exist in the universe, almost proving that the universe is a computer simulation.

Shortcomings in Simulation Theory

No matter how perfect the simulation is, there are some shortcomings in it, such as

Deja Vu

“Deja Vu” means a situation when you feel like you have been this place or have seen person, while you have never been to that place before, and have never seen that person before.

Supernatural things or our dreams

Another example is supernatural objects or our dream supernatural objects such as ghosts or spirits that may appear due to a malfunction or bug in the simulation program.

“God” a programmer

According to simulation theory, God can be a programmer who created this universe, but simulation theory also says that, why would God do this? Maybe God or a programmer wants to see how civilization develops. According to the simulation theory, whoever comes to know about the existence of life in the simulation, God, the programmer, deletes it from the program, for example, all those sages who sacrifice their bodies while doing penance, or All those scientists and people who die mysteriously. According to the simulation theory, if our world is a computer simulation, then it can also happen that those who created our world, maybe their world is also simulated, and it is not possible to say how far this sequence is.

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Friends, mankind has become so capable that by now, it can make any kind of simulation with the help of computer codes and mathematical equations, and all kinds of creatures in the simulation, but we do not do such programming in these creatures. They may have the ability to understand themselves. Therefore, to prove every theory in science, it has to be written in a mathematical equation because the whole universe can be understood only by numbers and equations.

There are many scientific theories in the modern era that prove that this universe is a computer simulation, but so far there is no mathematical equation that can prove it mathematically. Just as it is difficult to say that this universe is not a computer simulation, it is also difficult to say that this universe is a computer simulation, so friends, if someday a scientist can prove the simulation theory by mathematical equation, hopefully, this game of our life will be the game that we can win.

If you want to know more about simulation theory then you can read the research papers of this article, whose link will be found below, in addition, you must watch movies based on simulation theory such as The Matrix, The Thirteenth Floor and The Inception.

Watch video on computer simulation theory

Video language is Hindi with English subtitles

Sources and Research Papers:

  1. The Objective Reality:
  3. Objectivity:

This Article was Published On: 16 February, 2019 And Last Modified On: 12 July, 2021

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Mithun Sarkar writes biographies about scientists and authors. He loves science and technology. He’s best known for writing science articles, He also writes on subjects ranging from personal finance to astronomy.


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