Global warming is a long-term increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate system. This is a major aspect of current climate change, and has been demonstrated by direct temperature measurement and measurement of various effects of warming. The term usually refers to human-caused increases in global surface temperature and its predicted continuity. In this context, references to global warming and climate change are often used interchangeably, but climate change, i.e., climate change, includes both global warming and its effects, such as changes in rainfall and varying regions. effect.
Climate change means climate change when changes in the Earth’s climate system result in new weather patterns that persist for extended periods of time. This length can range from a few decades to millions of years. The climate system consists of five interacting parts, atmosphere (air), hydrosphere (water), cryosphere (ice and permafrost), biosphere (living things), and lithosphere (earth’s crust and upper elevation).
The climate system receives almost all the energy from the Sun, which is relatively small in volume from the interior of the Earth. The climate system also gives energy to the outdoor space. The balance of incoming and outgoing energy, and the passage of energy through the climate system, determines the Earth’s energy budget. When the incoming energy is greater than the outgoing energy, the Earth’s energy budget is positive and the climate system is warm. If more energy goes out, the energy budget is negative and the Earth feels colder.
Important differences between global warming and climate change
Global warming refers only to the rising surface temperature of the Earth, whereas climate change involves global warming and its “side effects” – such as melting glaciers, heavy rainfall, or persistent prolonged droughts. In simple language, global warming is only one symptom of a much larger problem of human-caused climate change.
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